Remembering Glen Onoko Falls near Jim Thorpe

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Cave Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania

May 1, 2020 marked the one year anniversary of the closure of the popular Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania.

Located on State Game Lands 141, adjacent to Lehigh Gorge State Park, this rocky waterfall trail has been attracting visitors for nearly 150 years.

And ever since then, people have been getting injured and occasionally have perished as a result of accidents near the waterfalls (8 fatalities since 1977, according to local newspapers).

A warning sign along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania
A warning sign along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail.

In 2019, the Pennsylvania Game Commission made the decision to close the trail.

A Game Commission spokesman was quoted in a local newspaper article as saying “The justification is really to protect human life, reduce injuries, and protect first responders. And also, the trail itself has just been deteriorating from overuse.”

Despite talk at the time of transferring ownership of the area around the Glen Onoko Falls Trail to neighboring Lehigh Gorge State Park (an action that would require legislative approval), one year later the trail remains closed.

But rather than bemoan that fact, I thought it would be more useful to take a look back at some images from my last trip there in April of 2018, and look forward with cautious optimism to a time when the Glen Onoko Falls Trail will be rebuilt and reopened to the public.


Hiking the Glen Onoko Falls Trail

Glen Onoko Run is home to 4 distinct waterfalls and numerous smaller cascades as it makes its way from the top of Broad Mountain to the Lehigh River below.

And while the bulk of the hike takes place on State Game Lands 141, the trailhead is actually in Lehigh Gorge State Park near GPS coordinates 40.88359, -75.76022.

How to find the Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania
How to find the Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe

Like many people, I had heard plenty of stories of how difficult this trail could be before my first visit.

And certainly for those of us lucky enough to have hiked this trail, there was no shortage of official reminders as to what you were getting yourself into!

Glen Onoko Falls Trail trailhead near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania
Glen Onoko Falls Trail trailhead near Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania

Bringing my perspective of having hiked to plenty of off-trail waterfalls in areas like the Pine Creek Gorge in Tioga County, and State Game Lands 13 in Sullivan County, I would rate the degree of difficulty at the Glen Onoko Falls Trail as moderate.

Steep? Sure.

The Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania
The Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania

Rocky? You bet.

The Falls Trail at Glen Onoko near Jim Thorpe
The Falls Trail at Glen Onoko near Jim Thorpe

But relatively easy to follow, and short.

A little less than one mile from trailhead to the top of the Cave Falls, the uppermost waterfall on the Glen Onoko Falls Trail.

Where people ran into problems (sometimes fatal problems) was when they showed up unprepared for the rocky nature of the trail (think hiking in flip-flops) and then started climbing around on top of the falls themselves (think slipping off the top of a waterfall onto the rocks below).

So was the trail dangerous? No.

Was the behavior of a small number of would-be hikers dangerous? Absolutely.

But the falls themselves were (and are – they haven’t gone anywhere) glorious!


The Waterfalls at Glen Onoko

Almost as soon as you started up the Falls Trail you would encounter small waterfalls and cascades on Glen Onoko Run.

Small waterfall on Glen Onoko Run close to the Lehigh River.
Small waterfall on Glen Onoko Run close to the Lehigh River.

Above these initial little cascades was where the fun really began!


Chameleon Falls

The first “real” waterfall you came to was Chameleon Falls.

Chameleon Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania
Chameleon Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe

Chameleon Falls checked in at around 30 feet tall, and the “V” formation at the top of it made it a favorite of mine to photograph.

Chameleon Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail.
Chameleon Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail.

A nearby rescue sign tipped you off to the fact that people had perished by slipping off the top of this one.

Emergency sign near Chameleon Falls at Glen Onoko on State Game Lands 141
Emergency sign near Chameleon Falls at Glen Onoko on State Game Lands 141

Onoko Falls

The second waterfall you came to as you ascended the Glen Onoko Falls Trail was Onoko Falls.

Onoko Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail
Onoko Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail

The tallest of the waterfalls at Glen Onoko, this 60-footer was also the sight of several fatalities over the years.

Onoko Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania
Onoko Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail near Jim Thorpe

As with Chameleon Falls, Onoko Falls was/is not dangerous.

The behavior of foolhardy people was dangerous!

The Glen Onoko Falls Trail on State Game Lands 141 in Carbon County Pennsylvania
The Glen Onoko Falls Trail on State Game Lands 141 in Carbon County

Despite warning signs and a rope barrier, the occasional would-be daredevil took it upon themselves to climb out on top of Onoko Falls, sometimes with tragic results.

Emergency sign near Onoko Falls at Glen Onoko on State Game Lands 141
Emergency sign near Onoko Falls at Glen Onoko on State Game Lands 141

Terrace Falls

Terrace Falls was once one of the more popular waterfalls at Glen Onoko, its name dating back to when the Victorian-style Wahnetah Hotel stood near the trailhead.

Terrace Falls on Glen Onoko Run near Jim Thorpe PA
Terrace Falls on Glen Onoko Run

This two-tiered beauty literally resembles a terraced garden of stone and water.

Terrace Falls at Glen Onoko near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania
Terrace Falls at Glen Onoko

Cave Falls

Cave Falls is the uppermost waterfall on Glen Onoko Run.

Cave Falls on Glen Onoko Run near Jim Thorpe Pennsylvania
Cave Falls on Glen Onoko Run near Jim Thorpe

Cave Falls stands around 15 feet tall and probably twice as wide.

Cave Falls on State Game Lands 141 at Glen Onoko
Cave Falls on State Game Lands 141 at Glen Onoko

As you might gather from the name, a cavernous space behind the falls allowed you to peer out from behind the falls down into the gorge below.

The view from behind Cave Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail on State Game Lands 141.
The view from behind Cave Falls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail

Sadly, you cannot for the time being legally experience that rush at Cave Falls anymore (although you can stand behind these 5 Pennsylvania waterfalls).


The Turn Hole Tunnel

One thing you CAN still legally do near Glen Onoko is explore the Turn Hole Tunnel, an abandoned railroad tunnel built in 1866 and in use until 1956.

Abandoned railroad tunnel near Glen Onoko Falls Trail.
Abandoned railroad tunnel near Glen Onoko Falls Trail.

Some of the old railroad ties still line the floor of this unlit, cavernous tunnel (so watch your step).

This tunnel is located within the boundaries of Lehigh Gorge State Park, near where you parked to hike the Falls Trail (see map at the beginning of this article).

Turn Hole Tunnel at Lehigh Gorge State Park
Turn Hole Tunnel at Lehigh Gorge State Park

Final Thoughts

Ownership and maintenance of the Glen Onoko Falls Trail would be much better suited to the mission of the Pennsylvania DCNR and Lehigh Gorge State Park, rather than the Pennsylvania Game Commission.

Almost everyone agrees on that point.

The reality of Pennsylvania politics is that things move S-L-O-W-L-Y, and the required legislative actions needed to facilitate this transfer could take YEARS.

Chameleon Falls along the Glen Onoko Waterfalls Trail in Pennsylvania
The author at Chameleon Falls in 2018.

But in the long run, I feel confident that one day folks will again have the opportunity to legally and safely enjoy these magnificent waterfalls along the Glen Onoko Falls Trail, a trail that has drawn visitors to the Lehigh Gorge for nearly 150 years!


Nearby Attractions

Looking for even more Poconos-area waterfalls?

Then be sure to check out 25 Must-See Waterfalls in the Poconos for an in-depth look at many of eastern Pennsylvania’s finest waterfalls.

Waterfall along Upper Hornbecks Trail in Pike County Pennsylvania
Waterfall along Upper Hornbecks Trail in Pike County, Pennsylvania.

Looking for the ULTIMATE guide to the best waterfalls in ALL of Pennsylvania?

Then be sure to check out The Ultimate Pennsylvania Waterfalls Guide for directions to HUNDREDS of Pennsylvania waterfalls!

The Ultimate Pennsylvania Waterfall Guide created by Rusty Glessner
The Ultimate Pennsylvania Waterfalls Guide by Rusty Glessner

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